About BaranBaran city is located to the south-east of Rajasthan. It is also a Municipal Council in Baran district. In 1948, Baran was one of the districts of joint Rajasthan. However, in March, 1949, when Rajasthan was reconstituted, Baran district headquarters was converted into sub division headquarters of Kota district. On 10th April, 1991, Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota District.
Kali Sindh, Parvati River, Parwan River, Andheri and Ban-Ganga are important rivers of Baran district.
S.T.D. Code: 07453
Vehicle Code: RJ28
Postal Pin Code: 325205
History of Baran
Before India got independence, a major part of Baran district was part of princely stste of Kota. Baran was a district in joint Rajasthan. However, when Rajasthan was reconstituted on 31st March, 1949, Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquarters of Kota district.
On 10th April, 1991, Baran district was carved out from Kota district. The district owes its name to city Baran which served as district headquarters. The district is located in south east Rajasthan.
The city was under Solanki Rajputs during 14-15 century. This was the main town along with 12 other villages. However, some people believe that since the presence of 12 villages gave it this name 'Baran'. According to another belief, since the soil here is 'Barani', the city is called Baran. Baran also means 'rain' in Urdu language. It won't come as a surprise to you that Baran receives second highest rainfall in the state after Banswara district.
Baran city is a Municipal Council (Nagar Parishad) in Baran district.Tribal Sahariya families are mostly concentrated in the two blocks of Kishanganj and Shahabad and have been waging a war against debt bondage and generations of slavery to landowners. Sahariya tribe is the only primitive tribe in Rajasthan.
Language Spoken in BaranThe primary language of Baran is Hindi. However, those who speak Rajasthani language speak it in different dialects which may be Marwari, Jaipuri or Dhundhari, Malvi or Malwi or Mewati. Harauti and Kishangarhi dialects are also spoken here. People also converse in English.
Transportation in BaranNational Highway 27 passes through Baran district. It was earlier known as NH-76. Baran station falls on the Kota-Bina section of Western Central Railways. It is equipped with computerized Reservation facilities and is around 67 kms. from Kota Junction.
Though there are airports in Kota and Jaisalmer, civilian flights are not operated from here. Airports near Baran are Jaipur International Airport, Udaipur Airport and Jodhpur Airport. Click here to read more on Transport in Baran
Tourism in BaranTaadka Balaji, Saaket Dham in Baran city, Manihara Mahadev (3 kms.from Baran), Shani Dhaam in Bordi, Shri Ji Temple, Bardia Balaji, Mansha Puran Ganesh ji, Pyare Ram ji temple are few temples located in and around Baran city.
Shahabad fort is about 80 kms. from Baran while Sher Garh Fort is situated on the banks of Parban river in Atru tehsil. Nahar Garh Fort, 73 kms. from Baran is in Kishanganj tehsil.
Other tourist places near Baran are NagarKot Mataji NagarKot Mataji, Sita Baadi (a picnic spot), Bhanwar Garh Fort, Kanya Dah-Bilas Garh, Bhand Devara (mini Khajuraho 40 kms. from Baran), Ramgarh Mata ji located atop the Ramgarh hill with cave temples of Kisnai and Annapurna Devi situated here.
50 kms. from Baran is Kapildhara where water flows consistently from the 'Gaumukh' in the mountains. Kakoni, 85 kms. from Baran is a place where you can witness remains of the 'Vaishnav', 'Shiv' and 'Jain' temples. In village Soursan, about 20 kms. from Baran is Brahmani Mata temple. For more information on tourism, click here
Festivals Celebrated in BaranDol Mela during Jaljhulni Akadshi, Piplod Christmas fair (in village Piplod) organized in the one and only church in Atru tehsil, Sita Bari Mela celebrated in Sitabari, 45 km from the Baran city, Phuldol Festval which is an old folk festival, Brahmani Mataji Mela celebrated in the old fort near Sorsan about 20 km from Baran are important festivals of this region.
Cuisine of BaranSnacks like Bikaneri Bhujia, Mirchi Bada and Pyaaj Kachori are famous in Baran. People also love to eat Bajre ki roti (millet bread), lashun ki chutney, Mawa Kachori from Jodhpur, Alwar ka mawa, Malpaua from Pushkar and Rassgollas from Bikaner. There are many 'Marwari Bhojanalay' which offer vegetarian food here.
Denizens of Baran have a sweet tooth too! Well, the most loved sweet dishes include Gujia, Churma, Imarti, Seero or Halwa, Jhajariya, Makkhan-bada, Milk cake, Dil Khushaal etc.
Rajasthan curries include sabji made from beans, gajar, karela, guwar ki fali, kicha and ker-saangri. Makki ki saag, kadhi, aloo mattar ki sabji, sev tamatar, makki ki ghaat, besan gatte ki sabji, motha ka saag, dahi mein aloo, meethi danamethi are also popular dishes.
Non vegetarian dishes which people relish are Mohan maans in which meat is cooked in milk, Laal maans, safed maans, Bajri ki raab, pickled wild boar meat or Saanth ro achaar, Khad khargosh or roasted hare. Click here to read more on cuisine of Baran
Localities in BaranBadan, Bamla, Barana, Batawada, Begna, Fatehpur, Iklera, Kalmanda, Karnahera, Kherali, Kotrisunda, Koyla, Lisariya, Mandola, Mathana, Miyada, Nareda, Patheda, Phoonsra, Ratawad, Sambalpur, Seemali, Sundlak, Thamli, Tisaya and Tulsan are localities in and around Baran.
Hindi is the local language here. But people also speak Rajasthani language. Kota (Kotah), Jhalawar, Guna, Bundi, Ranthambore are the nearby important tourist destinations where you can visit from Baran. Other nearby cities include Mangrol (28 Kms.), Kota (52 Kms.) and Sheopur (74 Kms.)
Markets in BaranReady made garment and other commodities can be bought from shops in Kota road in Baran. Indra market, Sadar Bazar, Pratap Chowk, Hospital road, Sanstha Dharmard Chouraha, Shastri market are popular markets where people love to go shopping.
NGOs in BaranEnvironment Society (ES) in Babji Nagar,AOES in Nagar Palika Colony, Aryan Sanstha in Sivaji Nagar, Assra in Nareda road, Mahila Udyog Prashikshan Samiti in hospital road, Radha Bal Mandir Vidyalaya Samiti in Kota road, Yuva Seva Samiti in Kelwara, Nehru Yuva Mandal, Shree Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati Sansthan in Babji Nagar are some of the NGOs working diligently in Baran.
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